China is trying to block a U.N. report alleging that Chinese ammunition was sent to Darfur in violation of a U.N. arms embargo, U.N. diplomats said Wednesday.
The Security Council committee monitoring sanctions against Sudan was meeting Wednesday afternoon and two diplomats familiar with the closed-door deliberations said China was arguing that the report by the committee's panel of experts should not be sent to the council. One diplomat said China claimed the panel was unprofessional and challenged its methodology.
According to the diplomats, the draft report said Chinese shell casings were found after attacks against the joint U.N.-African Union peacekeeping force in Darfur with markings showing the ammunition was manufactured after 2009, the diplomats said, speaking on condition of anonymity because the report has not been published.
The Security Council initially imposed an arms embargo on rebels and the government-allied janjaweed militias in Darfur. In March 2005, it extended the embargo to include Sudan's government.
The Darfur conflict began in February 2003 when ethnic African rebels took up arms against the Arab-dominated Sudanese government in Khartoum, claiming discrimination and neglect. Khartoum is accused of retaliating by arming local nomadic Arab tribes and unleashing the janjaweed on civilian populations — a charge the government denies.
U.N. officials say at least 300,000 people have lost their lives from violence, disease and displacement, and 2.7 million have been driven from their homes.
The U.N. panel of experts reported last November that the Sudanese government and rebel groups in Darfur were refusing to abandon the military option and increasingly violating the arms embargo.
China has been a key force in developing Sudan's vital oil sector and buying the country's crude oil and has close political ties to the government. Its alleged involvement in supplying ammunition, in violation of U.N. sanctions, was first reported by Foreign Policy magazine's Turtle Bay blog.
According to the two U.N. diplomats, the latest report by the panel of experts was first presented to the sanctions committee on Oct. 4.
The panel alleged that more than a dozen types of Chinese ammunition were used by Sudanese government forces in combat with rebels in Darfur over the past two years, the diplomats said.