SILVERTHORNE, February 16, 2011 - Keystone Symposia on Molecular and Cellular Biology and Singapore's Agency for Science Technology and Research (A*STAR) announce the second Keystone Symposia conference on "Biofuels" in Singapore, March 1-6, 2011, at SwissÃ´tel The Stamford.
The conference will cover cellulosic ethanol, algal biofuels and the development of new biomass feedstocks. Talks will also encompass economic and environmental considerations of biofuels technologies and integration of biofuels into the existing energy infrastructure. The meeting will bring together academic and industrial scientists, as well as planning and policy makers, with the goal of identifying the most promising avenues to a viable biofuels future.
Organizing the scientific content of the conference are Professor Stephen P. Mayfield of the University of California, San Diego, Dr. Martin Keller of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (a US Department of Energy-funded biofuels research center) and Dr. Jeffrey P. Obbard, formerly of A*STAR's Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences.
Citing the timeliness of this conference, Professor Mayfield said, "One of the greatest challenges we face today is to develop efficient, sustainable and scalable processes for converting sunlight energy into the food and fuel the world needs. No single renewable-energy strategy will be able to provide a total solution, but a combination of strategies that can be coordinated and integrated effectively has the potential to significantly decrease our dependence on fossil fuel. At this critical, pivotal time in mapping a new global energy strategy, this symposium will address the potential of cellulosic and algal produced bioenergy as part of a sustainable future for our planet."
While total global biofuels production today is presently about 1% of traded energy, or about 20 billion gallons a year and a $40 billion market, it is expected to reach 144 billion gallons per year by 2022 (a $600-700 billion market), based on standards set by various governments for renewable energy use (source: US Department of Energy).
According to Professor Mayfield, the fact that the globe is expected to have completely exhausted its entire supply of liquid petroleum by 2047 (leaving only tar sands and oil shale) means that production of biofuels will need to be at least 50% as great as petroleum production volume by 2050 to maintain existing energy production rates. Since the world demand for energy is increasing at 2% per year, it is projected that by 2050 we will need to be producing the equivalent of 190 million barrels of oil per day or 2.9 trillion gallons per year, half of which (1.45 trillion gallons per year or 1,450 billion gallons per year) will need to come from biofuels.
The conference will convene on the evening of Monday, March 1 with an introduction by Guest of Honor Lim Chuan Poh, Chairman of A*STAR, opening remarks by Professor Charles F. Zukoski of A*STAR's Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC) and a keynote address by Professor Richard C.J. Somerville of the University of California, San Diego on "Speaking Truth to Power: The Scientific Case for Urgent Action to Avoid Severe Climate Disruption." Speakers over the subsequent four days from academia, government and industry will include: Dr. Adam Brown of the International Energy Agency, Professor Timothy Goodenough of the University of Wisconsin-Madison/Great Lakes Bioenergy, Dr. Arthur Grossman of Solazyme, Inc., Professor Lonnie Ingram of the University of Florida, Professor Jay D. Keasling of the University of California, Berkeley, Professor Lee Rybeck Lynd of Dartmouth College and Professor Amaral Weber of Universidade de SÃ£o Paulo.
Commenting on the upcoming conference, Dr. Keith Carpenter, Executive Director of the Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences, said, "Diversifying our resources away from total dependence on crude oil towards more sustainable sources of fuels and chemicals is a major issue globally for industry and for the economies of many countries. As a society, we face the problem of ensuring reasonable standards of living for all, reducing poverty and maintaining economic growth, whilst minimizing the impact we have on our environment. This symposium will bring together leading experts and policy makers from academia, from industry and from the public sector to suggest novel ways to address the challenge of providing the energy, fuels and chemicals we need without destroying the planet we live on."